Ingredients Glossary

Click on each ingredient for more info

Apple

Ascorbic Acid

Ash

Beef

Bison

Blueberries

Broccoli

Cantaloupe

Carrots

Chicken

Cranberries

Duck

Dulse

Eggs

Fish Oil

Flaxseed

Garlic

Gelatin

Ginger

Ground Beef Bone

Ground Chicken Bone

Inulin

Iron

Kelp

lamb

Manganese

Mixed Tocopherols

Organic Dulse

Organic Psyllium Husk Powder

Parsley

Proteinated Minerals

Rabbit

Romaine Lettuce

Salmon

Sodium Chloride

Sweet potato

Turkey

Watermelon

Whitefish

Zinc


Apple is rich in vitamin C as well as a host of other unique antioxidant and botanical compounds such as flavonoids. Apples provide soluble and insoluble fiber, some vitamin C, beta carotene, potassium and boron.

Apple Cider Vinegar is made from apples. It is freshly pressed juice that also contains pulp, skins, stems and seeds. The minerals, enzymes and acids in apple cider vinegar are a good supplement for your pet’s existing diet. Besides being a good source of easily absorbable potassium, apple cider vinegar aids digestion, inhibits the growth of unfriendly bacteria and helps maintain the proper acid/alkaline balance of the digestive tract.

Ascorbic Acid is also known as the nutrient vitamin C. Vitamin C is a highly effective antioxidant that helps maintain a healthy immune system, facilitates nutrient metabolism and may support wound repair. Vitamin C in the diet is beneficial especially during times of stress (gestation, lactation, weaning and travel), illness or old age. Green vegetables, citrus and tomatoes are great natural sources.

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Ash is the inorganic (non carbon) mineral portion of any substance. When referring to pet food, “ash content” is the mineral matter, such as magnesium, calcium, phosphorus, iron and copper.

Beef is the striated muscle (skeletal and cardiac) from cattle and is an excellent source of protein, with many essential nutrients (including high levels of zinc and iron) to help maintain stamina and heart health. Beef is a complete protein containing all essential amino acids. All beef is free range, grass fed and sourced from a USDA inspected and passed human facility.

Beef Fat is extremely palatable and provides nutritious fatty acids for healthy skin and coat. Beef fat is also an excellent source of monounsaturated fatty acids to fuel your dog’s energy during exercise and play.

Beef Heart is a nutrient rich striated muscle meat and is a good source of thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, phosphorus, iron, zinc and taurine.

Beef Kidney is a mineral rich organ, with high protein and little fat.

Beef Liver is a nutrient rich organ meat and is a good source of lean protein, vitamin A and other vitamins and minerals. The liver is a multi faceted organ and while it does participate in detoxification of the body, these toxins do not build up in the liver tissue they are voided. As a result, liver is safe to consume in appropriate quantities.

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Bison provides nutrient dense, low fat, low cholesterol meat with as many omega 3’s per serving as salmon and three to six times the amount of omega 3’s as grain fed animals. It contains the highest known levels of the fat blocker and anti carcinogen, CLA (conjugated linoleic acid). Research on CLA is showing evidence that CLA has the potential to reduce the risk of cancer, obesity, diabetes and a number of immune disorders. It also has high concentrations of selenium, a natural trace element that acts as a mood elevator. Grass fed Bison was determined to contain as much as four times more selenium than grain fed Bison. Grass fed Bison contains four times the amount of vitamin E found in grain fed beef. It is also a rich source of the vitamin beta carotene, a vital antioxidant which reduces the risk of cancer by preventing cell degeneration. All Bison is free range, grass fed and sourced from a USDA inspected and passed human facility.

Bison Heart is a nutrient rich striated muscle meat and is a good source of thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, phosphorus, iron, zinc and most importantly, taurine.

Bison Kidney is a mineral rich organ, with high protein and little fat. Our bison meat, bison organs and bison bones are sourced from a USDA inspected human food facility. Moreover, our bison ingredients are considered “natural” according to USDA definitions; they do not contain any added growth hormones or antibiotics.

Bison Liver is a nutrient rich, highly palatable organ. It supplies lean protein, vitamin A and other vitamins and minerals. Northwest Naturals uses bison that are grass fed and free range. Our bison meat, bison organs and bison bones are sourced from a USDA inspected human food facility.

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Blueberries are a source of powerful antioxidants that may help support health and vitality.

Broccoli is a plant of the cabbage family. It is high in vitamin C, calcium and soluble fiber and also contains multiple nutrients, making broccoli a “super food” to support health and wellness.

Cantaloupe is an excellent source of vitamin A on account of its concentrated beta carotene content. Cantaloupe is also an excellent source of vitamin C. While beta carotene and vitamin A are fat soluble antioxidants, vitamin C functions as an antioxidant in the water soluble areas of the body. So, between its beta carotene and vitamin C content, cantaloupe has all areas covered against damage from oxygen free radicals. In addition to its antioxidant activity, vitamin C is critical for good immune function. Vitamin C stimulates white cells to fight infection, directly kills many bacteria and viruses and regenerates vitamin E after it has been inactivated by disarming free radicals.

Carrots are a source of important vitamins, minerals and carotenoids that help support the immune system and digestive system. They may also help support proper skin and eye health.

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Chicken is the clean combination of flesh and skin (with accompanying bone), that comes from the parts or whole carcasses of chicken. Chicken is an excellent source of highly digestible, lean protein and essential amino acids. All chicken is sourced from a USDA inspected human facility.

Chicken Heart is a nutrient rich striated muscle meat and is a good source of thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, phosphorus, iron, zinc and taurine.

Chicken Liver is a nutrient rich organ meat and is a good source of lean protein, vitamin A and iron.

Cranberries provide antioxidants and natural acidic properties that may support urinary tract health. Cranberries are rich in flavonoids.

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Duck is a good source of protein, niacin, phosphorus, riboflavin, iron, zinc, vitamin B 6 and thiamine and smaller amounts of vitamin B 12, folate and magnesium. It is a great alternative protein and a must for rotation.

Dulse high in vitamins and minerals such as iron, potassium, phosphorous; helps heal poor digestive systems, rebuilds and maintains glands in the body, cleanses the body of heavy metals, increases metabolism, supports brain function, supports thyroid and supports the liver.

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Eggs are rich in protein and are of high nutritional value, with little fat. Defined as the nutritive portion of a whole egg, egg yolks are a source of fat soluble vitamins, minerals, fats, proteins and yellow carotenoids. In baking and other food applications, egg yolks are used to help emulsify (or break down) fats.

Fish Oil is an excellent source of essential amino acids and omega 3 fatty acids to help balance the ratio of omega 6 to omega 3 fatty acids for a healthy skin and coat. Omega 3 fatty acids are known to modulate the body’s inflammatory responses, such as arthritis.

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Flaxseed is the whole seed of the flax plant. Flaxseed is an outstanding source of both soluble and insoluble fiber. Together these fibers aid in digestion and help to prevent constipation. Flaxseed is also an excellent source of amino acids, 0mega 6, and more importantly omega 3, essential fatty acids. When in the proper ratio with omega 6 fatty acids, omega 3 fatty acids regulate and control inflammatory reactions. The richest source of alpha linoleic acid (ALA) is found in flaxseed.

Garlic contains powerful sulfur compounds such as allicin and diallyl, which may support the cardiovascular and immune systems. Garlic also possesses antioxidant properties and is extremely palatable.

Gelatin supports and promotes healthy skin and coat, supports healthy joints, can improve digestion, good source of collagen and amino acids such as Glycine and Lysine.

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Ginger is made from the root of a ginger plant that has been peeled, dried and powdered. Ginger is often used as a natural way to alleviate the symptoms of nausea and it also possesses antioxidant properties. Nausea caused during pregnancy or by travelling can be relieved by ginger root. Ginger is also known to have the ability to calm an upset stomach and to promote the flow of bile. Stomach cramps can be eased and circulation can also be improved. Ginger supports a healthy cardiovascular system by making platelets less sticky which in turn reduces circulatory problems.

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Ground Beef Bone is an excellent source of minerals, essential fatty acids, proteins and enzymes. Bone contains calcium and phosphorus in the correct ratio and is the most bio available source. It is also a significant source of glucosamine and chondroitin, naturally occurring compounds associated with joint health. Chondroitin is naturally found in the cartilage of joints where it directly impacts the compression or cushioning aspects of cartilage. In conjunction with glucosamine, chondroitin may support healthy joints.

Ground Chicken Bone is an excellent source of minerals, essential fatty acids, proteins and enzymes. Bone contains calcium and phosphorus in the correct ratio and is the most bio available source. It is also a significant source of glucosamine and chondroitin.

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Inulin is an insoluble plant fructan , also known as a prebiotic, that stimulates growth of beneficial bacteria (probiotics) in the digestive system.

Iron is an essential mineral found in all body cells. It is vitally important for red blood cells to transport oxygen throughout the body. Our iron is specially bonded ( proteinated ) with amino acids to enhance absorption and assimilation. Once absorbed from the diet, iron is stored in the body and seldom lost. As a result, the requirement for iron only increases drastically during periods of unusual blood loss, such as in cases of parturition, major surgery, injury, or severe parasitic infection or gastrointestinal disease. AAFCO establishes minimum and maximum levels of iron.

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Kelp is a general term used to describe seaweeds and have been used throughout the world for centuries as a rich source of natural organic minerals and vitamins like iodine, potassium and calcium. The thyroid gland depends upon minerals, especially iodine, to function properly and to secrete adequate amounts of thyroxin (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). These hormones influence metabolic rate and body temperature. Kelp is rich in iodine and is also an additional natural source of beta carotene, B vitamins and vitamin C.

Lamb is an excellent source of highly digestible meat protein and contains many essential nutrients (including high levels of zinc) for stamina, skin and heart health. It is considered a hypoallergenic protein and used in many diets for pets with GI distress. Lamb is a complete protein meaning it contains all essential amino acids.

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Lamb Heart is a nutrient rich striated muscle meat, and is a good source of thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, phosphorus, iron, zinc and most importantly, taurine.

Lamb Kidney is a mineral rich organ, with high protein and little fat.

Lamb Liver is a nutrient rich organ meat and is a good source of protein, vitamin A, and other vitamins/minerals.

Manganese is a trace mineral critical for brain and nervous system function. Our manganese is specially bonded (proteinated) with amino acids to enhance absorption and assimilation. Manganese is also a key component of several cell enzymes that catalyze metabolic reactions and help the body use vitamin E and B1. Manganese is necessary for normal bone development and reproduction.

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Mixed Tocopherols are a mixture of vitamin E isomers. When mixed with rosemary and citric acid, they provide a potent natural preservative, which also supplies a small amount of the benefits of dietary vitamin E.

Organic Dulse high in vitamins and minerals such as iron, potassium, phosphorous; helps heal poor digestive systems, rebuilds and maintains glands in the body, cleanses the body of heavy metals, increases metabolism, supports brain function, supports thyroid and supports the liver.

Organic Psyllium Husk Powder A soluble fiber that helps lower cholesterol, relieves digestive and intestinal issues and helps regulate blood sugar levels.

Parsley is an herb that serves as a dietary source of antioxidants, chlorophyll, vitamin A, vitamin C, and vitamin K.

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Proteinated Minerals are minerals bonded to an amino acid. They are more easily absorbed during digestion. Better nutrient absorption supports better health for pets. Northwest Naturals uses proteinated minerals in all of our diets. Proteinate in animal’s food are organic forms in animals food, forms of essential trace minerals such as copper, iron, manganese and zinc . The animals absorb, digest and use mineral proteinates better than inorganic minerals. This means that lower concentrations can be used in animal feeds. In addition, animals fed proteinated sources of essential trace minerals excrete lower amounts in their feces and so there is less environmental contamination. Mineral proteinates also offer health and welfare benefits in animal nutrition, two compounds which are used as a source of copper. The copper from copper proteinate is highly available while the copper from copper sulfate is less so. Trace minerals are found in all body tissues. It works in respiration, synthesis of hemoglobin and production of collagen. It is also an antioxidant and helps prevent oxidation of fatty acids.

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Rabbit An excellent source of vitamins, minerals and trace elements: High in vitamins B3 and B12, phosphorus, potassium and selenium. It contributes to a good balance of vitamins and minerals for daily dietary requirements. A meat with an excellent balance of fatty acids (rabbit is richer in omega 3 than chicken* or pork*.

Romaine Lettuce is high in vitamin C and beta carotene content that provides many heart health benefits, including preventing the oxidation of cholesterol. The folic acid found in romaine lettuce helps keep blood vessels healthy and clear. The potassium helps lower high blood pressure, which can contribute to heart disease. Fiber also contributes to the heart health benefits of romaine lettuce, by removing bile salts, which requires cholesterol, thereby lowering high cholesterol as well. Tocopherols are a mixture of vitamin E isomers. When mixed with rosemary and citric acid, they provide a potent natural preservative, which also supplies a small amount of the benefits of dietary vitamin E.

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Salmon is high in essential amino acids, easy to digest and is considered hypo allergenic. Salmon contains an abundance of omega 3 fatty acids to help nourish healthy skin and modulate the body’s inflammatory responses. All Salmon is wild caught.

Sodium Chloride is a natural mineral complex; it is source of sodium, chloride and many other beneficial trace minerals. It is obtained by evaporating seawater. Sodium is essential to maintaining proper acid base balance, cell function and hydration. AAFCO has minimum sodium requirements for pet food to be compete and balanced.

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Sweet Potato has superior fiber content. Sweet potatoes contain almost twice as much fiber as other types of potatoes, contributing close to 7 grams of fiber per serving. The high fiber content gives them a “slow burning” quality. This means their caloric energy is used more slowly and efficiently than a low fiber carbohydrate. Sweet potatoes also contain vitamin B6, vitamin A, and manganese.

Turkey is the clean combination of flesh, skin and accompanying bone. Turkey is an excellent source of highly digestible, lean protein. Turkey is also a complete protein meaning it contains all essential amino acids. All Turkey is sourced from a USDA inspected and passed human facility.

Turkey Heart is a nutrient rich organ meat and a good source of thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, phosphorus, iron, zinc and taurine.

Turkey Liver is a very good source of lean protein also rich in vitamins and minerals, including thiamine, manganese, vitamin A, vitamin C, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, vitamin B12, pantothenic acid, iron, phosphorus, zinc, copper a nd selenium. Vitamin D3 is a fat soluble vitamin. Its main function is to stimulate the absorption of calcium and phosphorus. This important vitamin aids in the formation of normal bones and teeth. It also aids in the maintenance of a healthy nerve and muscle system by regulating the level of calcium in the blood. Calcium is necessary for normal nerve transmission and muscle contraction. Nerves and muscles depend on a constant supply of this mineral from the blood. Vitamin E is a fat soluble group of 8 structurally distinct molecules known as tocopherols; they are potent antioxidants. In the body, it protects fat and vitamin A from destruction by charged oxygen called free radicals. It functions to stabilize cell membranes and protect them from damage by air pollutants, particularly the cells in the tissues of the lungs and mouth.

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Watermelon is rich in potassium abundant in vitamin C, one arm of the now famous disease fighting antioxidant trio. Another arm that’s well represented is beta carotene. Researchers believe that beta carotene and vitamin C are capable of preventing heart disease, cancer and other chronic conditions. No matter which way you cut them, when it comes to nutrition, melons are number one. Watermelon is a valuable source of lycopene, one of the carotenoids that have actually been studied in humans. Research indicates that lycopene is helpful in reducing the risk of prostate, breast and endometrial cancers, as well as lung cancer. Watermelon is rich in the B vitamins necessary for energy production, a very good source of vitamin B6 and a good source of vitamin B1, magnesium and potassium.

Whitefish is an easily digestible protein source and also contains Niacin, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, phosphorus, selenium, riboflavin, magnesium and is low in saturated fat and a good source of omega 3 fatty acids. Whitefish is wild caught.

Zinc is specially bonded (proteinated) with amino acids to enhance absorption and assimilation. Zinc is critical to enzyme function for many of the body’s major metabolic pathways. Zinc aids in the development of cartilage, blood, bone, keratin and mammary glands. Wound healing and oxygen transfer also rely on zinc.

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